In a joint report by WHO & UNICEF (August 2004) it was stated that about 2.4 billion people will likely face the risk of needless diseases and death by the target of 2015 because of bad sanitation such as decaying or non existence sewage system and toilets which will fuel the spread of diseases like cholera and diarrhea which kills 1 child every 21 seconds.
The rural poor and residents of slum areas in fast growing cities in Africa and Asia are the hardest hit by poor sanitation. Though Cities are the engines of economic growth, the environmental implications of urbanization, if not managed appropriately can become a threat to health, the environment and urban productivity.

It is clear that there is a need to protect the environment from the effects of human activities to ensure sustainability of the environment for the future generations. ACT foundation will support organizations focused on creating innovative solutions towards reducing the effect of improper waste management in communities across the region.